Mudaraba is a form of partnership where one party provides funds while the other party provides expertise and management to manage the business or investment fund. The provider of funds is known as Rabbul Maal and the entrepreneur is referred to as Mudarib.The profit is shared in pre-agreed ratios, and loss, if any, unless caused by negligence or violation of terms of the contract by the Mudarib is borne by the Rabbul Maal.
All funds raised by BankIslami are invested in businesses which are in compliance with Shariah. Importantly, they are invested in the manner which is prescribed by Shariah. All profit & losses are pooled and distributed according to rules of Shariah between BankIslami and the depositors.
The pre-agreed profit sharing weightage is announced at the start of each month and can be obtained from the branch, Website or Phone Banker. Based on this profit sharing weightage, the Islami Bachat Account holder would be distributed the share in profit for the month at the beginning of the next month.
An Islami Bachat Account holder provides funds as 'Rabb-ul-maal' and BankIslami invest these funds as 'Mudarib' i.e the fund manager. Based on this relationship, the depositors and BankIslami become beneficiaries of the profit earned. When the joint investment pool earns profit, it is distributed in the pre-agreed ratio of depositors and BankIslami. In case of the unlikely event of loss, the depositors on the pro-rata basis bears the loss whereas the Bank goes un-rewarded for all its efforts and bears all the costs incurred for doing the business.
As per Shariah requirements, profit can not be committed to the customer upfront. The profit rates can only be determined after actual income from pool of assets is determined. Profit announcement at the beginning of next month will determine the profit paid. However, the sales person can share the rates announced for previous months to provide the customer with indicative rate(s).
Profit from the pool of Shariah compliant assets is calculated at the end of every month. BankIslami keeps a share of the profit as a Mudarib's share. The balance profit is distributed between various categories of Customers as per predetermined weightages. The profit amount for each category is used to calculate the Profit rates for each category of Customers, which are announced at the beginning of next month
Yes, if there is a loss in the overall pool of Shariah compliant assets the same will passed on to the Customers in the exact ratio of their investment in the portfolio. However, BankIslami is a professional Mudarib and takes utmost care in investing and extending financing to Customers.
The Shariah Supervisory committee of BankIslami, comprising of Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani, Prof. Dr. Fazlur Rehman and our in house Shariah adviser Mufti Irshad Ahmed Aijaz, has the responsibility to oversee that all products, process and transactions pertaining to any deposit product offered by BankIslami are Shariah compliant. A Shariah Audit is also conducted periodically to ensure compliance with Shariah. The State Bank of Pakistan also conducts a Shariah Audit to ensure Shariah compliance.